README 6.15 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
PRACE QCD Accelerator Benchmark 1
=================================

This benchmark is part of the QCD section of the Accelerator
Benchmarks Suite developed as part of a PRACE EU funded project
(http://www.prace-ri.eu).

The suite is derived from the Unified European Applications
Benchmark Suite (UEABS) http://www.prace-ri.eu/ueabs/

This specific component is a direct port of "QCD kernel E" from the
UEABS, which is based on the MILC code suite
(http://www.physics.utah.edu/~detar/milc/). The performance-portable
targetDP model has been used to allow the benchmark to utilise NVIDIA
GPUs, Intel Xeon Phi manycore CPUs and traditional multi-core
CPUs. The use of MPI (in conjunction with targetDP) allows multiple
nodes to be used in parallel.

For full details of this benchmark, and for results on NVIDIA GPU and
Intel Knights Corner Xeon Phi architectures (in addition to regular
CPUs), please see:

**********************************************************************
Gray, Alan, and Kevin Stratford. "A lightweight approach to
performance portability with targetDP." The International Journal of
High Performance Computing Applications (2016): 1094342016682071, Also
available at https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.01479 
**********************************************************************

To Build
--------

Choose a configuration file from the "config" directory that best
matches your platform, and copy to "config.mk" in this (the
top-level) directory. Then edit this file, if necessary, to properly
set the compilers and paths on your system.

Note that if you are building for a GPU system, and the TARGETCC
variable in the configuration file is set to the NVIDIA compiler nvcc,
then the build process will automatically build the GPU
version. Otherwise, the threaded CPU version will be built which can
run on Xeon Phi manycore CPUs or regular multi-core CPUs.

Then, build the targetDP performance-portable library:
 cd targetDP
 make clean
 make
 cd ..

And finally build the benchmark code
 cd src
 make clean
 make
 cd ..


To Validate
-----------

After building, an executable "bench" will exist in the src directory.
To run the default validation (64x64x64x8, 1 iteration) case:

cd src
./bench

The code will automatically self-validate by comparing with the
appropriate output reference file for this case which exists in
output_ref, and will print to stdout, e.g.

Validating against output_ref/kernel_E.output.nx64ny64nz64nt8.i1.t1:
VALIDATION PASSED

The benchmark time is also printed to stdout, e.g.

******BENCHMARK TIME 1.6767786769196391e-01 seconds****** 

(Where this time is as reported on an NVIDIA K40 GPU).



To Run Different Cases
---------------------

You can edit the input file 

 src/kernel_E.input

if you want to deviate from the default system size, number of
iterations and/or run using more than 1 MPI task. E.g. replacing 

 totnodes 1 1 1 1

with

 totnodes 2 1 1 1

will run with 2 MPI tasks rather than 1, where the domain is decomposed in 
the "X" direction.


To Run using a Script
---------------------

The "run" directory contains an example script which
 - sets up a temporary scratch directory
 - copies in the input file, plus also some reference output files
 - sets the number of OpenMP threads (for a multi/many core CPU run)
 - runs the code (which will automatically validate if an 
   appropriate output reference file exists)

So, in the run directory, you should copy "run_example.sh" to 
run.sh, which you can customise for your system.


Known Issues
------------

The quantity used for validation (see congrad.C) becomes very small
after a few iterations. Therefore, only a small number of iterations
should be used for validation. This is not an issue specific to this
port of the benchmark, but is also true of the original version (see
above), with which this version is designed to be consistent.


Performance Results for Reference
--------------------------------

Here are some performance timings obtained using this benchmark.


From the paper cited above:

64x64x64x32x8, 1000 iterations, single chip

Chip	       	    		Time (s)

Intel Ivy-Bridge 12-core CPU	361.55	
Intel Haswell 8-core CPU 	376.08
AMD Opteron 16-core CPU	 	618.19
Intel KNC Xeon Phi  		139.94
NVIDIA K20X GPU 		96.84
NVIDIA K40 GPU			90.90


Multi-node scaling:		

Titan GPU (one K20X per node)	
Titan CPU (one 16-core Interlagos per node)
ARCHER CPU (two 12-core Ivy-bridge per node)

All times in seconds.

Small Case: 64x64x32x8, 1000 iterations

Nodes   Titan GPU	Titan CPU       ARCHER CPU

1	9.64E+01	6.01E+02	1.86E+02
2	5.53E+01	3.14E+02	9.57E+01
4	3.30E+01	1.65E+02	5.22E+01
8	2.18E+01	8.33E+01	2.60E+01
16	1.35E+01	4.02E+01	1.27E+01
32	8.80E+00	2.06E+01	6.49E+00
64	6.54E+00	9.90E+00	2.36E+00
128	5.13E+00	4.31E+00	1.86E+00
256	4.25E+00	2.95E+00	1.96E+00
			

Large Case: 64x64x64x192, 1000 iterations

Nodes   Titan GPU	Titan CPU       ARCHER CPU

64	1.36E+02	5.19E+02	1.61E+02
128	8.23E+01	2.75E+02	8.51E+01
256	6.70E+01	1.61E+02	4.38E+01
512	3.79E+01	8.80E+01	2.18E+01
1024	2.41E+01	5.72E+01	1.46E+01
2048	1.81E+01	3.88E+01	7.35E+00
4096	1.56E+01	2.28E+01	6.53E+00


Preliminary results on new Pascal GPU and Intel KNL architectures:

Single chip, 64x64x64x8, 1000 iterations

Chip				Time (s)

12-core Intel Ivy-Bridge	7.24E+02
Intel KNL Xeon Phi 	   	9.72E+01	
NVIDIA P100 GPU			5.60E+01

191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
**********************************************************************

Prace 5IP - Results (see White Paper for more):

	Irene KNL	Irene SKL	 Juwels		Marconi-KNL	MareNostrum	  PizDaint	Davide		   Frioul		Deep	Mont-Blanc 3
1		148,68	  	219,68	 182,49		133,38 		186,40		   53,73			53.4c	      151 		656,41 		206,17
2		79,35		  	114,22     91,83		186,14 		94,63 		   32,38			113 	   	86.9 		432,93 		93,48
4		48,07			 58,11 	  46,58		287,17 		47,22 		   19,13			21.4	   	52.7 		277,67 		49,95
8		28,42			 32,09 	  25,37		533,49      25,86 		   12,78			14.8	   	36.5 		189,83 		25,19
16		17,08			 14,35 	  11,77		1365,72     11,64 		    9,20			10.1	   	27.8 		119,14 		12,55
32		10,56			 7,28 		5,43		2441,29      5,59 	    	 6,35			 6.94 	   15.6 		
64		9,01			 4,18 		2,65		--				 2,65 		 	 6,41	      --	         11.7 	
128	5,08			  --			1,39		--				 2,48 		 	 5,95	
256	--				  --			1,38		--				--				 	 5,84	
512	--				  --			0,89		--